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Alexandrië is een mediterrane havenstad in Egypte. De stad werd gesticht door Alexander de Grote _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331 voor Christus. Tijdens de Hellenistische periode was het de thuisbasis van de vuurtoren van Pharos, een van de zeven wereldwonderen van de Oude Wereld, en de Grote Bibliotheek, die werd beschouwd als het archief van de oude kennis. Cleopatra en Marc Antonius werden hier verliefd en stierven beiden aan de kust.
Helaas stortte de Pharos in en werd de Grote Bibliotheek in brand gestoken, een deel van de oude stad verdween onder de zee. Een ander deel verdween onder de moderne stad, dus er zijn weinig zichtbare overblijfselen van het roemrijke verleden. De stad was in verval.
De invasie van Napoleon in 1798 was het keerpunt in het fortuin van Alexandrië, waarbij het strategische belang van de stad werd erkend. In de 19e eeuw werd Alexandrië een van de drukste havens van de Middellandse Zee en trok een kosmopolitische mix van mensen aan, waaronder Turkse en Egyptische handelaren, Grieken, Joden en Italianen. Alexandrië kreeg een mythisch karakter en trok intellectuelen, schrijvers en dichters aan.
In 1952 verloor Alexandrië in een anti-koloniale pro-Arabische golf, uitgelokt door kolonel Nasser, zijn kosmopolitische gemeenschap, die in de jaren 50 op de vlucht was. De overgebleven niet-Egyptenaren werden enkele jaren later tijdens de Suez-crisis verdreven, toen Nasser buitenlandse eigendommen in beslag nam en veel buitenlandse bedrijven nationaliseerde.
Vandaag de dag wordt de bibliotheek herbouwd in de zonvormige ultramoderne Bibliotheca Alexandrina aan de eens zo grote zeeboulevard Corniche als symbool van de laatste reïncarnatie van de stad als culturele hoofdstad van Egypte.
De beroemde Corniche is 25Km lang en een zeer aangename wandeling tussen de Bibliotheca Alexandrina en Fort Qaitbey, de plaats waar ooit de beroemde Pharos stond. Grote oude wereldcafés, restaurants en patisserieën liggen aan de kust. De stad heeft nog steeds een zeer kosmopolitische uitstraling.
Marleen Daniels
00349724
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349725
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349726
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349727
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349728
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349729
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349730
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349731
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349732
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349733
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349734
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349735
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349736
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349737
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349738
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349739
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349740
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349741
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349742
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349743
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349744
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349745
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349746
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349747
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349748
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349749
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349750
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349751
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349752
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349753
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349754
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349755
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349756
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349757
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349758
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349759
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349760
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349761
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349762
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349763
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349764
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349765
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349766
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349767
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349768
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349769
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349770
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349771
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349772
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349773
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349774
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349775
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349776
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349777
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349778
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349779
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349780
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349781
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349782
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349783
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349784
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349785
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349786
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349787
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349788
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349789
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349790
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349791
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349792
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349793
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349795
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
Marleen Daniels
00349796
Alexandria is a Mediterranean Port City in Egypt. The city was founded by Alexander the Great _Al Iskendariyya_ in 331BC. During the Hellenistic period it was home to the Pharos lighthouse ranking amo...
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